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  • Writer's pictureQyya

What is the Theatre of the Oppressed?

Updated: Apr 8, 2023



Augusto Boal's Theatre of the Oppressed (TO) is a participatory theatrical form that emerged in the 1970s as a response to the political and social unrest in Brazil. It was created with the intention of empowering oppressed communities to engage in dialogue, raise their voices and create solutions to their problems.


TO seeks to challenge traditional theatre practices that promote passivity in the audience and reinforce power dynamics. It invites the audience to become active participants in the performance, blurring the line between the performer and the spectator. Boal believed that theatre should be used as a tool for social change, and that it should be accessible to everyone.


The Theatre of the Oppressed has a unique power for community dialogue as it creates a safe space for individuals to express their ideas and opinions. The audience is not only allowed but encouraged to participate, giving them the opportunity to share their own experiences and contribute to the conversation. By engaging in dialogue, the participants can develop a deeper understanding of the issues at hand and work towards finding solutions.


This approach to theatre is important for challenging contemporary injustice and inequality because it allows those who are affected by these issues to speak for themselves. Rather than relying on experts or authorities to speak on their behalf, the oppressed can take centre stage and have their voices heard. TO empowers individuals to challenge the status quo and envision new possibilities for their communities.


Creating art that includes the audience and allows them space to actively engage and discuss contemporary political and social issues is essential in today's society. With the rise of social media and instant gratification culture, it is easy to become passive consumers of information. By creating a space for dialogue and participation, the TO challenges this passivity and promotes active engagement with the world around us.


Furthermore, by allowing individuals to participate in the creation of the art, it becomes more representative of their experiences and needs. This is especially important in a world where certain voices are often marginalised or silenced. The Theatre of the Oppressed offers a platform for those voices to be heard and their stories to be told.


As an artist, I strongly believe in the power of art to effect social change, and I see TO as a crucial tool in achieving this goal. Incorporating its methodologies into my work alongside other mediums situates my work in a space of collective ownership, allowing the audience to participate in the creative process and engage in dialogue with the ideas presented.


By utilising TO, my work is not simply a presentation of completed ideas, but rather an invitation to the audience to actively engage and contribute to the conversation. This creates a space for the work to change and evolve in response to the audience it attracts, making it a dynamic and fluid entity rather than a static one. The inclusion of the audience in the creation of the art makes it more representative of the experiences and needs of the community it serves. This is important in a society where certain voices are often marginalised or silenced. By providing a platform for these voices to be heard, my work can contribute to affecting positive change in our communities.




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